YOU HAVE A SALES PROJECT: WHICH DIAGNOSTICS ARE MANDATORY?
Mandatory to sell a home, the technical diagnostic file (DDT) is intended to improve the information of buyers on the property subject to the promise. In this report the diagnoses are numerous, asbestos, electricity, DPE, termites etc. Century 21 Lafage Transactions takes stock with you on the list of mandatory diagnostics and their validity.
- Asbestos diagnosis:
The document mentions the presence or absence of materials or products containing asbestos. All buildings whose building permit was issued before 1 July 1997 are affected by this diagnosis. If no trace of asbestos is detected, the validity period is unlimited. On the other hand, if the presence of asbestos is detected, a new check must be carried out within 3 years of the delivery of the diagnosis. Attention: if the diagnosis was carried out before 2013, it must be renewed in case of sale of the dwelling, even in case of absence of asbestos.
- The diagnosis Non-collective sanitation: This diagnosis makes it possible to verify the conformity of the non-collective sanitation installation. All built buildings not connected to the public network are concerned. Houses for example. The validity period of the document is 3 years.
- The electricity diagnosis: It allows to check the state of the electrical interior installation. Residential buildings or part of a building assigned to housing whose installation has been carried out for more than 15 years are concerned by this diagnosis. The validity period of the document is 3 years maximum for the condition of the interior installation, as for the certificate of conformity in case of renovation work.
- The ERP diagnosis (State of risks and pollution): It makes it possible to inform potential buyers of natural, mining or technological hazards, seismicity, radon potential and polluted soils. The types of buildings concerned are those covered by a prefectural decree specifying the municipalities concerned and the list of foreseeable risks. The validity period of the document is less than 6 months before the date of the promise to sell.
- The GAZ diagnosis: It makes it possible to make a statement of the interior gas installation and concerns residential buildings or part(s) of building assigned to the dwelling whose installation has been carried out for more than 15 years or whose last certificate of conformity dates back more than 15 years. Its validity period is 3 years maximum for the condition of the interior installation, as for the certificate of conformity in case of renovation work.
- The MERULE diagnosis: It informs the buyer about the presence of a risk of merule and concerns all built buildings (areas delimited by prefectural decrees). There is no fixed duration.
- The METRAGE LOI CARREZ diagnosis: It certifies the surface of the lot concerned and concerns all condominium lots for residential or commercial use (except cellars, garages, parking space and in general, lots or fraction of lots less than 8 m2). Its duration is unlimited.
- The energy performance diagnosis (EPD): This is a diagnosis that makes it possible to evaluate the energy performance of a home. The buildings concerned are those built except those listed in Article R.134-1 of the CCH. The validity period is 10 years. To be redone in case of substantial work. When ECDs were carried out between 1 January 2013 and 1 July 2021, their period of validity is fixed as follows:
- carried out between 1 January 2013 and 31 December 2017, they are valid until 31 December 2022,
- carried out between 1 January 2018 and 30 June 2021, they are valid until 31 December 2024.
- The LEAD diagnosis: Called "lead exposure risk report" (CREP), it must be accompanied by an information leaflet summarizing the effects of lead on health and the precautions to be taken in the presence of lead-containing coatings. It concerns all residential buildings or part(s) of buildings used for residential purposes constructed before 1 January 1949. If the presence of lead exceeds certain thresholds, its validity period is 1 year for sale. Otherwise, unlimited.
- The TERMITES diagnosis: It reports on the presence of termites in the dwelling and concerns all built buildings (areas delimited by prefectural decrees). Its validity period is 6 months maximum and it is to be redone in case of new municipal by-law declaring an infestation zone.
- The geotechnical study: It concerns the non-built land that can be built in the event of sale or acquisition.
The land must be located:
- in an area allowing the realization of individual houses,
- and in an area of clay soils (area where the exposure to the risk of ground movement is qualified as medium or strong). This soil study should make it possible to detect all the risks of ground movement related to drought and soil rehydration, that is to say those related to the shrinkage and swelling of clays.Cette étude de sol "préalable" doit être fournie par le vendeur.
- The diagnosis "state of air noise pollution" This diagnosis must be established when the property is located in one of the noise zones defined by a plan of exposure to aerodrome noise provided for in Article L. 112-6 of the Urban Planning Code and concerns buildings or parts of buildings for residential use or for professional and residential use or buildings not built for construction. When the property is located in one of the noise zones defined by an aerodrome noise exposure plan provided for in Article L. 112-6 of the Urban Planning Code, a document containing the clear and precise indication of this area, the address of the online information service allowing to consult the noise exposure plan as well as the mention of the possibility of consulting the noise exposure plan at the town hall of the municipality where is located in the immovable, must be included in the technical diagnostic file annexed, as the case may be, to the promise of sale or, in the absence of a promise, to the deed ...